The complexity of the Earth system – the atmosphere, oceans, freshwater bodies, land and the biosphere – and how it shapes weather, climate, hydrology and other environmental processes make it a challenge for scientists to improve the quality and accuracy of related information and products. No single government or agency has the necessary resources – financial or intellectual – to address all the challenges on its own. Consequently, the success of WMO depends on its ability to partner effectively with internal stakeholders and external organizations to meet its objectives.

WMO works in partnership with international agencies, other organizations, academia, the media and the private sector to improve the range and quality of critical environmental information and services. Strategic partnership initiatives at WMO are designed to:

  • Heighten understanding of the weather, climate and water information and service capabilities of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Offices of WMO Members within the United Nations system and other international and national organizations as well as among WMO Members. The expectation is that all partners and constituents will have a better understanding of these and leverage them for the public good.
  • Enhance the ability to use the capabilities and information of other organizations in developing and improving WMO information and services. The expectation is that the scope of services and the responsiveness of Members' agencies to emerging requirements will increase by leveraging capabilities of partners to develop and sustain service improvements.
  • Broaden partnerships between developed, developing and least developed countries, involving relevant national agencies. The expectation is that the capabilities of countries to acquire and exploit information for the public good will be enhanced and that all countries will benefit from closer cooperation.
  • Maintain a proactive role in ensuring a coherent, science-based approach within the United Nations system and among other stakeholders to implement international environmental conventions. The expectation is that WMO activities will be mainstreamed into agendas for action by the international community.

Partnership agreements and arrangements

Agreements with the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency

Protocol concerning the entry into force of the Agreement between the United Nations (UN) and the World Meteorological Organization, 1951.

Agreement between the United Nations (UN) and the World Meteorological Organization, 1951.

Protocol concerning the entry into force of the Agreement between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Meteorological Organization, 1960.

Agreement between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Meteorological Organization, 1960.

Protocol concerning the entry into force of the Agreement between the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-test-Ban Organization (CTBTO) and the World Meteorological Organization, 2003.

Agreement between the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-test-Ban Organization (CTBTO) and the World Meteorological Organization, 2003.

Working arrangements with specialized agencies of the United Nations

Working arrangements with the World Health Organization (WHO), 1952

Principles of co-operation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 1952

Working arrangements with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), 1954

Working arrangements with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1954

Working arrangements with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), 1960

Working arrangements with the International Maritime Organization (IMO), 1960

Working arrangements with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 1981

Working arrangements with the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), 1992

Working agreement with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2013

Agreements with intergovernmental organizations

Cooperation Agreement between the World Meteorological Organization and the African Union (formerly the Organization for African Unity) (AU), 1975

Cooperation Agreement between the World Meteorological Organization and the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), 2004 

Cooperation Agreement between the World Meteorological Organization and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), 2009 

Cooperation Agreement between the World Meteorological Organization and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), 2010

Working arrangements with intergovernmental organizations

Working arrangements with the Agency for Air Safety in Africa and Madagascar (ASECNA), 1962

Working arrangements, with the Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD), 1978

Working arrangements with the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO), 1987

Working arrangements with the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (Helsinki Commission) (HELCOM), 1986

Working arrangements with the Danube Commission (DC), 1962

Working arrangements with the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), 1975

Working arrangements with the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), 1988

Working arrangements with the European Space Agency (ESA), 1973

Working arrangements, with the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), 1970

Working arrangements with the League of Arab States (LAS), 1972

Working arrangements with the Permanent Joint Technical Commission for Nile Waters (PJTC), 1977

Working arrangements with the Permanent South Pacific Commission (PSPC), 1987

Working Arrangements with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), 1966

Working Arrangements with the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), 1994

Working Arrangements with the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD), 1994

Working Arrangements with the Interstate Council on Hydrometeorology of the Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (ICH/CIS), 1996

Working Arrangements with the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO), 1997

Working Arrangements with the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC), 2000

Working Arrangements with the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM), 2002

Working Arrangements with the Caribbean Meteorological Organization (CMO), 2002

Working Arrangements with the Niger Basin Authority (NBA), 2002

Working Arrangements with the International Space Environment Service (ISES) 2015

Working arrangements with non-governmental international organizations

Working arrangements with the International Council for Research Studies and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB), 1982

Working arrangements with the International Council for Science (ICSU), 1960

Working arrangements with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 1977

Working arrangements with the International Seismological Center (ISC), 1977

Working arrangements with the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), 1954

Working arrangements withe the International Association for Urban Climate (IAUC), 2008

Working arrangements with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2008



Memorandums of Understanding (MoU)

Coordination Committee of River Basin, 2000

General Directorate of Civil Aviation of Chile (DGCA), 2000

Intergovernmental Coordination Committee of the La Plata Basin Countries (CIC), 2000

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), 2000

Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), 2000

International Society of Biometeorology (ISB), 2000

South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), 2000

African Center of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD), 2001

Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH), 2001

International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF), 2001

Mekong River Commission (MRC), 2001

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), 2002

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), 2002

International Consortium on Landslides (ICL), 2002 and 2006

Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD), 2003

East African Community (EAC), 2003

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), 2003

European Commission (EC), 2003

European Meteorological Society (EMS), 2003

Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), 2004

International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), 2004

National Institute of Meteorology of Spain (INM), 2004 and 2007

Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), 2004

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2004

Asian Disaster Reduction Centre (ADRC), 2005

Finnish Meteorological Insitute (FMI), 2005

Niger Basin Authority (NBA), 2005

United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG), 2005 and 2006

United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOSAT), 2005

South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP), 2005

National Institute of Meteorology (INMET) of Brazil, 2006

International Council for Science on the International Polar Year 2007/2008 (ICSU), 2006

Japanese Institute of Construction Engineering (JICE), 2007

National Institute of Meteorology of Spain (INM), 2007

National oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 2008

Abdus Salam International center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), 2009

German Aerospace Center (DLR), 2009

Open Geospatial Consortium (OGS), 2009

World Food Programme (WFP), 2009

Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), 2010

Universitat Rovira Virgili (URV), 2010

University Cooperation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), 2010

International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), 2011

Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), 2011

State Meteorological Agency of Spain (AEMET), 2011

Assemblée des Fonctionnaires Francophones des Organisations Internationales (AFFOI), 2012

Association of Private Meteorological Services (PRIMET), 2012

Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC), 2012

Ewha Womens University (EWU), 2012

Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), 2012

Leipniz University in Hannover, 2012

Nanjing University of Information, Science and Technology (NUIST), 2012

UK Met Office, 2012

World Farmer's Organization (WFO), 2012

World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), 2012

Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS), 2013

International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), 2013

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), 2013

International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO), 2013

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Ressources (IUCN), 2013

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), 2014

Economic Interest Grouping (GIE) EUMETNET, 2014

Hohai University, China 2014

United Nations Commission for Africa, Africa Climate Policy Trade Centre  (UNECA/ACPC) 2014

Economic Interest Grouping for National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in Europe (ECOMET) 2014

International  Environmental Data Rescue Organization  (IEDRO) 2014

Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) 2014

Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) 2014

International Organization for Migration (IOM) 2015

Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) 2015

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development /International Development Association (IBRD)/(IDA)  2015

International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) 2015

Universal Postal Union  (UPU) 2015