How we do it

How we do it

Through its Technical Commissions, Programmes, Projects and Regional Offices, as well as its synergistic and public-private partnerships, WMO facilitates and coordinates an Earth system approach to the gathering and free exchange of observations, promotion and integration of research and the development and delivery of services in the areas of weather, climate and water.

The activities of WMO facilitate the maintenance and expansion of its Members' atmospheric, oceanographic and land-based observational networks; the free unrestricted exchange of the resulting data and information; and related capacity development and research in order to optimize the production of weather, climate and water-related services worldwide.

The WMO Operating Plan 2020-2023 translates the  WMO Strategic Plan - which articulates the high-level vision, mission, core values and overarching priorities of the Organization - into specific actions by defining outputs to be delivered and annual milestones to be achieved. It also lists planned activities, indicates the resources available, and outlines performance indicators intended to measure progress in achieving the strategic objectives

  • Long-Term Goal 1: Better serve societal needs: Delivering, authoritative, accessible, user-oriented and fit-for-purpose information and services 
  • Long-Term Goal 2: Enhance Earth system observations and predictions: Strengthening the technical foundation for the future
  • Long-Term Goal 3: Advance targeted research: Leveraging leadership in science to improve understanding of the Earth system for enhanced services
  • Long-Term Goal 4: Close the capacity gap on weather, climate, hydrological and related environmental services: Enhancing service delivery capacity of developing countries to ensure availability of essential information and services needed by governments, economic sectors and citizens
  • Long-Term Goal 5: Strategic realignment of WMO structure and programmes for effective policy- and decision-making and implementation

In order to achieve its long-term goals, WMO assists Members with technology transfer, training for capacity development, collaboration on research and the provision of weather, climate and water-related services. The Organization also contributes to policy formulation in areas related to weather, climate and water at national and international levels.


WMO facilitates scientific and technical activities designed to assist Members to provide, and benefit from, weather, climate and water services and to address present and emerging problems. Experience demonstrates that mutual benefits are gained from cooperative use of the pool of knowledge that has been, and is still being, created by worldwide sharing of meteorological, climatological hydrological and related information among Members. The Programmes of WMO are based on this concept and make possible the provision of meteorological and related services in all countries at costs far below those that would be incurred if each Member acted alone.


Within its mandate in the areas of weather, climate and water, WMO focuses on many different aspects and issues from observations, information exchange and research to weather forecasts and early warnings, from capacity development and monitoring of greenhouse gases to application services and much, much more.

Regional Offices

Regional Offices are the main point of contact between Members' Permanent Representatives to the WMO and the Secretariat, they coordinate technical and institutional support to National Meteorological Hydrological Services, and facilitate cooperation between them.

Development Partnerships

There is an urgent need to go beyond business as usual when it comes to  strengthening hydromet capaci

Public-Private Engagement (PPE)


Open Consultative Platform (OCP)