The Organization has a President and three Vice-Presidents who preside over Congress and of the Executive Council. The Secretariat, headquartered in Geneva, is headed by the Secretary-General.
The World Meteorological Congress is the supreme body of WMO. The Executive Council implements its decisions, while six Regional Associations are responsible for the coordination of meteorological, hydrological and related activities within their respective Regions.
President of WMO
After 19 years of collaboration within the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) bodies and committees, Gerhard Adrian became President of WMO in June 2019. His main interest is to strengthen the WMO through a sustainable strategic plan and effective and efficient governance structures. He aims to implement the Governance Reform approved the Eighteenth World Meteorological Congress (Cg-18) in a way that preserves the motivation and commitment at all levels and to ensure that all Members can contribute equally to the programmes of WMO.
World Meteorological Congress
World Meteorological Congress assembles delegates of Members once every four years
- to determine general policies for the fulfilment of the purposes of the Organization
- to consider membership of the Organization
- to determine the General, Technical, Financial and Staff Regulations
- to establish and coordinate the activities of constituent bodies of the Organization
- to approve long-term plans and budget for the following financial period
- to elect the President and Vice-Presidents of the Organization and members of the Executive Council
- to appoint the Secretary-General.
The duties of the President and Secretary General of the Organization are defined in the WMO General Regulations contained in Basic Documents No. 1 (WMO publication number 15), which also contains the texts of the WMO Convention; the General, Staff and Financial Regulations; the text of the Agreement between the UN and WMO; the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies; and the agreement, plan of execution and protocol concluded between the Swiss Federal Council and WMO governing the latter's status in Switzerland.
This executive body of the WMO implements decisions of Congress. The Executive Council coordinates programmes, manages the budget, considers and acts on resolutions and recommendations from the regional associations and technical commissions, and studies and makes recommendations on matters affecting international meteorology and related activities.
The Executive Council normally holds a session at least once a year, at a place and on a date to be determined by the President of the Organization after consultation with other members of the Council. Decisions are passed by a two-thirds majority vote.
The Executive Council is comprised a president, three vice-presidents, the six regional association presidents and 27 directors of National Meteorological or Hydrometeorological Services elected by Congress. Each member has only one vote. Information on the Members of Executive Council, Working Groups and their members, and Executive Council activities are available in the WMO Community Platform.
Six regional associations are responsible for the coordination of meteorological, hydrological and related activities within their respective Regions:
- Region I (Africa)
- Regional II (Asia)
- Region III (South America)
- Region IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean)
- Region V (South-West Pacific)
- Region VI (Europe).
Regional Associations meet in their respective regions every two years to define regional priorities and activities and, at every second meeting, to elect a new Regional Association president and vice-president. The president of each Regional Association is an ex officio member of the Executive Council. The president of each regional association is an ex officio member of the Executive Council.
Two Technical Commission and a Research Board were created by the Eighteenth World Meteorological Congress (June 2019) to replace the existing eight Commissions as part of a WMO Constituent Bodies Governance Reform.
Both the World Meteorological Congress and Exective Council have created advisory and coordination bodies to streamlike the work of the Organization and decision-making. These include the Technical Coordination Committee, Policy Advisory Committee (PAC), Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP), Joint WMO-IOC Collaborative Board and several panels.